5.9 Siena the capital of wine 

A treasure of flavors to discover

A journey through the excellences of Terre di Siena

A territory, that of the province of Siena, which becomes a treasure chest of flavors. The relationship between countryside and man has always been close and inseparable. Just think of the famous fresco Effects of the Good Government in the countryside by Ambrogio Lorenzetti, in the Palazzo Pubblico in Siena, where the relationship between man, agriculture and livestock reigns. You can see farmers, vineyards, olive groves and the characteristic Cinta Senese. Today, many centuries later, Sienese agriculture continues to produce typical products of excellence. The Docg wines, the great reds such as Brunello di Montalcino, Nobile di Montepulciano, Chianti Classico and Chianti, among the whites, on the other hand, Vernaccia di San Gimignano. These are just some of the names that make this area a world wine capital. And then the extra virgin olive oils: in a landscape characterized by olive groves, great productions emerge, which in some cases can feature the PDO Terre di Siena and PDO Chianti Classico, as well as the Tuscan PGI. Renowned are the meats and cold cuts: the native breeds such as the Cinta Senese Dop and the Chianina Igp cattle breed. And then the pecorino cheeses, produced with the milk of the sheep of the pastures of the Crete Senesi. 

But in these places there are also other products that are worth to be known: honey, produced by many small beekeepers; saffron that in San Gimignano is so high quality that it deserves the European PDO mark of protection; and then the precious truffle in the Crete area; and many agricultural breweries which produce excellent craft beers with the local raw material. And last but not least, the great Sienese sweets, from panforte to ricciarelli to cavallucci, of the excellences that come directly from the Middle Ages to nowadays’ tables.